Preise Dänemark - Island. Auf diesen Seiten finden Sie sowohl die reinen Fährtarife nach Island mit MS Norröna als auch Paketpreise für komplette. Flug von Dänemark nach Island, billige Flüge und Billigflug-Angebote auf der Strecke Dänemark Island ab 46 € (Preis vom ). Günstige Flug-Tickets . WEITERE INFORMATIONEN, ANGEBOTE UND TICKETS FÜR DIE FÄHRVERBINDUNG VON DÄNEMARK NACH ISLAND UND ZU DEN FÄRÖER INSELN.
island dänemark -Die MS Norröna ist mit einer Krankenstation ausgestattet. Jahrhundert für zahlreiche Auseinandersetzungen sorgen. Dänemark beginnt die Rückgabe alter Saga-Manuskripte an Island. Anhand der Fahrpläne wählt man die Wunschdaten für Hinfahrt und Rückfahrt aus. Eine archäologische Ausgrabung auf den Westmännerinseln legte die Grundmauern eines typisch norwegischen Langhauses unterhalb einer Lavaschicht frei, die auf das 7. Frühstück Ab ,- EUR p. Die Macht der norwegischen Könige hatte sich verstärkt, und sie erhielten in der Kirche einen mächtigen Verbündeten. Frühstück Ab ,- EUR p. Island kommt unter die Herrschaft der norwegischen Krone, das Althingi behält aber seine gesetzgeberischen Rechte.
Dänemark island -April fanden vorgezogene Parlamentswahlen statt, bei denen die Koalition aus sozialdemokratischer Allianz und Links-Grüner Bewegung die absolute Mehrheit errang. Reserviere verschiedene Reiseleistungen von mehreren hundert Anbietern oder buche ganze Reisepakete in nur einem Schritt. Erster internationaler Flug eines isländischen Flugzeuges. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Sehr wahrscheinlich geht dieser Bericht Bedas letztlich auf Pytheas zurück. Dieser Reisebericht markiert einen emotional enorm wichtigen Wendepunkt in meinem Leben, daher ist es mir ein Anliegen, als erstes über diese Tour zu berichten. Island wird ein souveräner und unabhängiger Staat, das Königreich Island. Die Kabinen sind komfortabel eingerichtet. Er wurde von seinen irischen Sklaven erschlagen, die dann auf eine Inselgruppe vor der Küste segelten. Maverick Saloon Slot Machine Online ᐈ GamesOS™ Casino Slots Kreditkarten werden an Bord akzeptiert: Wem die Fährüberfahrt nach Island und zurück zu zählen lernen oder zu teuer ist, dem bieten wir eine Vielzahl von Rundreisen auf Island mit Flugan- und -abreise oder auch die Möglichkeit zur Autoanmietung in Island. Ansonsten kann Belle’s Bandits Slot - Play Online & Win Real Money an Board auch Onlinezeit kaufen. Die Kabinen sind komfortabel eingerichtet.
island dänemark -Sie findet sich auch in einem Kirchenfenster der Kathedrale von Akureyri abgebildet. Schaffung des Althingi, des ältesten noch existierenden Parlaments der Welt, in Thingvellir. Die Anwesenheit irischer Mönche ist aber nach wie vor nicht durch archäologische Funde nachgewiesen, obwohl man vor allem auf der angeblich nach ihnen benannten Insel Papey im Südosten von Island sehr gründlich nach solchen gefahndet hat. Diese Krankenstation bietet im begrenzten Umfang medizinische Hilfsmittel. April fanden vorgezogene Parlamentswahlen statt, bei denen die Koalition aus sozialdemokratischer Allianz und Links-Grüner Bewegung die absolute Mehrheit errang. Mit der Zeit fand die Entwicklung immer mehr Anhänger und lief auf eine Vereinigung aller Godentümer in einer einzigen Republik mit einer einzigen Generalversammlung hinaus. Zwei Münzen wurden in den Ruinen eines Bauernhofs aus der Landnahmezeit, d. Archived from the original on 10 December Dschungelcamp 2019 preisgeld 3 October Most handbooks derive Uudet pelit ilmaiskierroksille - Rizk Casino first part of the clams casino gorilla, and the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land",  related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave". Danish krone [N 6] DKK. Retrieved 28 April The test is obligatory if further education is to be attended. The Minister of Defence is commander-in-chief of the Danish Defence, and serves as Beste Spielothek in Tiefenbach finden diplomatic official abroad. We have the Registry Office just around the corner, with whom we work very closely with. Virtual reality online casinos control of the waterways between Denmark and Norway proved disastrous to the union's economy and in Denmark—Norway went bankrupt. For specific professions, there is vocational educationtraining young people for work in specific trades by a combination of teaching and apprenticeship. Es hat, wenn auch zwischenzeitlich bis fast zur Bedeutungslosigkeit verkommen, immer bestanden. Nach dem Ausbruch des Eyjafjallajökull musste aufgrund der ausgetretenen Vulkanasche der Flugverkehr in weiten Teilen Nord- und Mitteleuropas Mitte April für mehrere Tage eingestellt werden, www t online de spiele kostenlos eine bis dahin beispiellose Beeinträchtigung des Luftverkehrs in Europa infolge eines Naturereignisses darstellte. Tabakwaren dürfen ebenfalls limitiert zollfrei eingeführt werden und sind auf Zigaretten oder g Tabak pro Person beschränkt. Seitdem spielt der Katholizismus auf Island keine wesentliche Rolle mehr. Norwegen wird als Staat aufgelöst bis und wird ein Teil von Dänemark. Beste Spielothek in Buchholz finden hingegen wirkte sich aus, dass der Kirchenzehnt auch den Goden in ihrer Doppelfunktion als Priester und reiche Grundherren zufloss, so dass einzelne Personen und Geschlechter sehr viel Macht ansammeln konnten. Man nimmt zudem an, dass es in Nordeuropa zur Zeit des Pytheas kälter gewesen sein muss als heute, und glaubt deshalb, dass er südlicher in Skandinavien gelandet ist. Oder wie wäre es mit einer Beste Spielothek in Tiefenbach finden nach Island mit der Islandfähre. Es gilt der tägliche Wechselkurs der Norröna. Zu der Zeit, im 9. Die kurzzeitige Einfuhr Beste Spielothek in Würglberg finden Haustieren ist nicht möglich, da diese 1 Can 2 Can Slot Game – Try it Online for Free or Real Money mehrwöchige Quarantäne durchlaufen müssen, bevor man seine liebsten wieder in Empfang nehmen kann. Wir hatten Glück und waren lediglich zu Viert in unseren 3x3 Metern. Zwei Münzen wurden in den Ruinen eines Bauernhofs aus der Landnahmezeit, d. Er initiierte sogar eine Gegenreformation. Übernachtung im zentralen Stadthotel. Und die Not der Bevölkerung stieg weiterhin derart an, dass bei einer Volkszählung zu Anfang des Feiertage Heiraten in Island Links. Dies erklärt sich auch daraus, dass die Isländer ein interessantes neues Exportgut entdeckt hatten: Erik dem Roten gelang es aufgrund der im Mittelalter viel günstigeren klimatischen Bedingungen tatsächlich, mit Anhängern zwei Siedlungen in Grönland zu gründen. Er soll durch den Anblick von Treibeis aus Grönland, das er von einem Berg im Nordwesten aus sah, auf die Idee gekommen sein. In der Nebensaison kann der mehrstündige Ladeaufenthalt in Torshavn für einen Landgang genutzt werden. Buchen oder Stornieren mit uns ist kinderleicht. Über Einzelheiten des Glaubens der Isländer vor der Christianisierung gibt es wenig verlässliche Angaben. Die kurzzeitige Einfuhr von Haustieren ist nicht möglich, da diese eine mehrwöchige Quarantäne durchlaufen müssen, bevor man seine liebsten wieder in Empfang nehmen kann.
Dänemark Island VideoAnreise über Dänemark (Island 1/6)
The number of islands in Denmark changes from time to time. New islands are occasionally formed by sedimentation. These new islands are generally less stable than larger, morainic islands, and may later disappear again.
Other islands are created artificially. Other artificial Danish islands include a number of marine fortresses off Copenhagen , such as Middelgrundsfortet , Trekroner Fort and Flakfortet.
Islands may also disappear. According to records from , the island then had an area of about 2, hectares 8 square miles.
After a series of severe storms during that century, its area decreased to around 41 hectares, and by to around 18 hectares. By December , the European windstorm Cyclone Anatol had destroyed the last piece of the island and Jordsand had ceased to exist.
In other cases, islands are absorbed by larger neighbouring masses of dry land, as a result of either natural sedimentation or artificial land reclamation in the channels separating them.
Sometimes this means that an island becomes a cape or headland. Denmark's second largest island, the North Jutlandic Island, was not always an island.
A storm on 3 February penetrated the narrow land mass, Agger Tange , and thus separated Northern Jutland from the rest of Jutland. The area had earlier been an island, when a strait at Vust had been open prior to the 12th century.
This is a list of the largest islands of Denmark Press the symbol after the headings in the table to rearrange the list according to population size, location or alphabetically:.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 11 June Archived at Archive. Part of the Kingdom of Denmark. After Sweden permanently broke away from the personal union, Denmark tried on several occasions to reassert control over its neighbour.
King Christian IV attacked Sweden in the — Kalmar War but failed to accomplish his main objective of forcing it to return to the union.
The war led to no territorial changes, but Sweden was forced to pay a war indemnity of 1 million silver riksdaler to Denmark, an amount known as the Älvsborg ransom.
Inspired by the Dutch East India Company , he founded a similar Danish company and planned to claim Ceylon as a colony, but the company only managed to acquire Tranquebar on India's Coromandel Coast.
Denmark's large colonial aspirations included a few key trading posts in Africa and India. While Denmark's trading posts in India were of little note, it played an important role in the highly lucrative transatlantic slave trade , through its trading outposts in Fort Cristiansborg in Osu , Ghana though which 1.
In the Thirty Years' War , Christian tried to become the leader of the Lutheran states in Germany but suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Lutter.
In , Swedish armies invaded Jutland and claimed Scania in Charles X Gustav quickly regretted not having wrecked Denmark and in August , he began a two-year-long siege of Copenhagen but failed to take the capital.
Denmark tried to regain control of Scania in the Scanian War — but it ended in failure. After the Great Northern War —21 , Denmark managed to restore control of the parts of Schleswig and Holstein ruled by the house of Holstein-Gottorp in the Treaty of Frederiksborg and the Treaty of Tsarskoye Selo , respectively.
Denmark prospered greatly in the last decades of the 18th century due to its neutral status allowing it to trade with both sides in the many contemporary wars.
This led to the so-called Danish-British Gunboat War. British control of the waterways between Denmark and Norway proved disastrous to the union's economy and in Denmark—Norway went bankrupt.
The union was dissolved by the Treaty of Kiel in ; the Danish monarchy "irrevocably and forever" renounced claims to the Kingdom of Norway in favour of the Swedish king.
A nascent Danish liberal and national movement gained momentum in the s; after the European Revolutions of , Denmark peacefully became a constitutional monarchy on 5 June A new constitution established a two-chamber parliament.
Denmark was defeated and obliged to cede Schleswig and Holstein to Prussia. This loss came as the latest in the long series of defeats and territorial loss that had begun in the 17th century.
After these events, Denmark pursued a policy of neutrality in Europe. Industrialisation came to Denmark in the second half of the 19th century.
Trade unions developed starting in the s. There was a considerable migration of people from the countryside to the cities, and Danish agriculture became centred on the export of dairy and meat products.
Denmark maintained its neutral stance during World War I. After the defeat of Germany, the Versailles powers offered to return the region of Schleswig-Holstein to Denmark.
Fearing German irredentism , Denmark refused to consider the return of the area without a plebiscite ; the two Schleswig Plebiscites took place on 10 February and 14 March , respectively.
In Denmark signed a year non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany but Germany invaded Denmark on 9 April and the Danish government quickly surrendered.
World War II in Denmark was characterised by economic co-operation with Germany until , when the Danish government refused further co-operation and its navy scuttled most of its ships and sent many of its officers to Sweden, which was neutral.
The Danish resistance performed a rescue operation that managed to evacuate several thousand Jews and their families to safety in Sweden before the Germans could send them to death camps.
The Maastricht Treaty , which involved further European integration, was rejected by the Danish people in ; it was only accepted after a second referendum in , which provided for four opt-outs from policies.
The Danes rejected the euro as the national currency in a referendum in Greenland gained home rule in and was awarded self-determination in Neither the Faroe Islands nor Greenland are members of the European Union, the Faroese having declined membership of the EEC in and Greenland in , in both cases because of fisheries policies.
Constitutional change in led to a single-chamber parliament elected by proportional representation, female accession to the Danish throne, and Greenland becoming an integral part of Denmark.
The centre-left Social Democrats led a string of coalition governments for most of the second half of the 20th century, introducing the Nordic welfare model.
In recent years the right-wing populist  Danish People's Party has emerged as a major party—becoming the second-largest following the general election —during which time immigration and integration have become major issues of public debate.
The island of Bornholm is located east of the rest of the country, in the Baltic Sea. Ferries or small aircraft connect to the smaller islands.
The four cities with populations over , are the capital Copenhagen on Zealand; Aarhus and Aalborg in Jutland; and Odense on Funen. The size of the land area cannot be stated exactly since the ocean constantly erodes and adds material to the coastline, and because of human land reclamation projects to counter erosion.
Although once extensively forested, today Denmark largely consists of arable land. The Kingdom of Denmark includes two overseas territories, both well to the west of Denmark: These territories are self-governing and form part of the Danish Realm.
Denmark has a temperate climate, characterised by mild winters, with mean temperatures in January of 1. Because of Denmark's northern location, there are large seasonal variations in daylight.
There are short days during the winter with sunrise coming around 8: Denmark belongs to the Boreal Kingdom and can be subdivided into two ecoregions: Roe deer occupy the countryside in growing numbers, and large-antlered red deer can be found in the sparse woodlands of Jutland.
Denmark is also home to smaller mammals, such as polecats , hares and hedgehogs. Cod , herring and plaice are abundant fish in Danish waters and form the basis for a large fishing industry.
Land and water pollution are two of Denmark's most significant environmental issues , although much of the country's household and industrial waste is now increasingly filtered and sometimes recycled.
The country has historically taken a progressive stance on environmental preservation ; in Denmark established a Ministry of Environment and was the first country in the world to implement an environmental law in Denmark has an outstanding performance in the global Environmental Performance Index EPI with an overall ranking of 4 out of countries in This recent and significant increase in ranking and performance is mostly due to remarkable achievements in energy efficiency and reductions in CO2 emission levels.
A future implementation of air quality improvements are expected. The environmental areas where Denmark performs best i.
The latter are due to the many protection laws and protected areas of significance within the country even though the EPI is not considering how well these laws and regulations are affecting the current biodiversity and habitats in reality; one of many weaknesses in the EPI.
The very poor ranking in the fisheries area are due to alarmingly low and continually rapidly declining fish stocks, placing Denmark among the worst performing countries of the world.
The regions are further subdivided into 98 municipalities kommuner. The easternmost land in Denmark, the Ertholmene archipelago, with an area of 39 hectares 0.
The regions were created on 1 January to replace the 16 former counties. At the same time, smaller municipalities were merged into larger units, reducing the number from Most municipalities have a population of at least 20, to give them financial and professional sustainability, although a few exceptions were made to this rule.
Other regional structures use the municipal boundaries as a layout, including the police districts , the court districts and the electoral wards.
The governing bodies of the regions are the regional councils , each with forty-one councillors elected for four-year terms.
The area and populations of the regions vary widely; for example, the Capital Region , which encompasses the Copenhagen metropolitan area with the exception of the subtracted province East Zealand but includes the Baltic Sea island of Bornholm , has a population three times larger than that of North Denmark Region , which covers the more sparsely populated area of northern Jutland.
Under the county system certain densely populated municipalities, such as Copenhagen Municipality and Frederiksberg , had been given a status equivalent to that of counties, making them first-level administrative divisions.
These sui generis municipalities were incorporated into the new regions under the reforms. The Kingdom of Denmark is a unitary state that comprises, in addition to Denmark proper, two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
They have been integrated parts of the Danish Realm since the 18th century; however, due to their separate historical and cultural identities, these parts of the Realm have extensive political powers and have assumed legislative and administrative responsibility in a substantial number of fields.
Greenland and the Faroe Islands have their own home governments and parliaments and are effectively self-governing in regards to domestic affairs.
Politics in Denmark operate under a framework laid out in the Constitution of Denmark. The monarch officially retains executive power and presides over the Council of State privy council.
The Monarch is not answerable for his or her actions, and their person is sacrosanct. The Danish Parliament is unicameral and called the Folketing Danish: It is the legislature of the Kingdom of Denmark, passing acts that apply in Denmark and, variably, Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
The Folketing is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets , approving the state's accounts, appointing and exercising control of the Government, and taking part in international co-operation.
Bills may be initiated by the Government or by members of parliament. All bills passed must be presented before the Council of State to receive Royal Assent within thirty days in order to become law.
Denmark is a representative democracy with universal suffrage. Danes elect members to the Folketing, with Greenland and the Faroe Islands electing an additional two members each— members in total.
On a vote of no confidence , the Folketing may force a single minister or an entire government to resign. The Government of Denmark operates as a cabinet government , where executive authority is exercised—formally, on behalf of the Monarch—by Prime Minister and other cabinet ministers , who head ministries.
As the executive branch, the Cabinet is responsible for proposing bills and a budget, executing the laws, and guiding the foreign and internal policies of Denmark.
The position of prime minister belongs to the person most likely to command the confidence of a majority in the Folketing; this is usually the current leader of the largest political party or, more effectively, through a coalition of parties.
A single party generally does not have sufficient political power in terms of the number of seats to form a cabinet on its own; Denmark has often been ruled by coalition governments , themselves sometimes minority governments dependent on non-government parties.
Rasmussen became the leader of a cabinet that, unusually, consisted entirely of ministers from his own party. In the next cabinet , created November , there are several political parties represented.
Denmark has a civil law system with some references to Germanic law. Denmark resembles Norway and Sweden in never having developed a case-law like that of England and the United States nor comprehensive codes like those of France and Germany.
Much of its law is customary. The judicial system of Denmark is divided between courts with regular civil and criminal jurisdiction and administrative courts with jurisdiction over litigation between individuals and the public administration.
Articles sixty-two and sixty-four of the Constitution ensure judicial independence from government and Parliament by providing that judges shall only be guided by the law, including acts, statutes and practice.
The Danish Supreme Court is the highest civil and criminal court responsible for the administration of justice in the Kingdom.
Denmark wields considerable influence in Northern Europe and is a middle power in international affairs. As a member of Development Assistance Committee DAC , Denmark has for a long time been among the countries of the world contributing the largest percentage of gross national income to development aid.
In , Denmark contributed 0. Denmark's armed forces are known as the Danish Defence Danish: The Minister of Defence is commander-in-chief of the Danish Defence, and serves as chief diplomatic official abroad.
During peacetime, the Ministry of Defence employs around 33, in total. The main military branches employ almost 27, Furthermore, around 55, serve as volunteers in the Danish Home Guard.
Denmark is a long-time supporter of international peacekeeping , but since the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in and the War in Afghanistan in , Denmark has also found a new role as a warring nation, participating actively in several wars and invasions.
This relatively new situation has stirred some internal critique, but the Danish population has generally been very supportive, in particular of the War in Afghanistan.
Denmark has a developed mixed economy that is classed as a high-income economy by the World Bank. Denmark has the fourth highest ratio of tertiary degree holders in the world.
The country has a market income inequality close to the OECD average,   but after public cash transfers the income inequality is very low. According to the International Monetary Fund , Denmark has the world's highest minimum wage.
A liberalisation of import tariffs in marked the end of mercantilism and further liberalisation in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century established the Danish liberal tradition in international trade that was only to be broken by the s.
Several domestic commercial policies are determined by agreements among European Union EU members and by EU legislation. Denmark's currency, the krone DKK , is pegged at approximately 7.
Although a September referendum rejected adopting the euro ,  the country follows the policies set forth in the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union and meets the economic convergence criteria needed to adopt the euro.
The majority of the political parties in the Folketing support adopting the euro, but as yet a new referendum has not been held, despite plans;  scepticism of the EU among Danish voters has historically been strong.
Denmark is home to many multinational companies, among them: Denmark has a long tradition of scientific and technological invention and engagement, and has been involved internationally from the very start of the scientific revolution.
In the 20th century, Danes have also been innovative in several fields of the technology sector. Danish companies have been influential in the shipping industry with the design of the largest and most energy efficient container ships in the world, the Maersk Triple E class , and Danish engineers have contributed to the design of MAN Diesel engines.
In the software and electronic field, Denmark contributed to design and manufacturing of Nordic Mobile Telephones , and the now-defunct Danish company DanCall was among the first to develop GSM mobile phones.
Life science is a key sector with extensive research and development activities. Danish engineers are world-leading in providing diabetes care equipment and medication products from Novo Nordisk and, since , the Danish biotech company Novozymes , the world market leader in enzymes for first generation starch based bioethanol , has pioneered development of enzymes for converting waste to cellulosic ethanol.
Danish-born computer scientists and software engineers have taken leading roles in some of the world's programming languages: Physicist Lene Vestergaard Hau is the first person to stop light, leading to advances in quantum computing , nanoscale engineering and linear optics.
Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the Danish economy is characterised by extensive government welfare provisions. Like other Nordic countries, Denmark has adopted the Nordic Model , which combines free market capitalism with a comprehensive welfare state and strong worker protection.
Employers can hire and fire whenever they want flexibility , and between jobs, unemployment compensation is very high security.
Denmark has the 2nd lowest relative poverty rate in the OECD , below the However, the largest share of the financing is still carried by the central government and is financed by general taxation, and only to a minor degree from earmarked contributions.
Denmark has considerably large deposits of oil and natural gas in the North Sea and ranks as number 32 in the world among net exporters of crude oil  and was producing , barrels of crude oil a day in In wind turbines provided On 6 September , Denmark launched the biggest wind turbine in the world, and will add four more over the next four years.
Denmark's electricity sector has integrated energy sources such as wind power into the national grid.
Denmark now aims to focus on intelligent battery systems V2G and plug-in vehicles in the transport sector.
Significant investment has been made in building road and rail links between regions in Denmark, most notably the Great Belt Fixed Link , which connects Zealand and Funen.
It is now possible to drive from Frederikshavn in northern Jutland to Copenhagen on eastern Zealand without leaving the motorway.
The railway tracks are maintained by Banedanmark. The North Sea and the Baltic Sea are intertwined by various, international ferry links.
In the four largest cities — Copenhagen , Aarhus , Odense , Aalborg — light rail systems are planned to be in operation around Cycling in Denmark is a very common form of transport, particularly for the young and for city dwellers.
Private vehicles are increasingly used as a means of transport. The purpose of the tax is to discourage car ownership. In , an attempt was made by the government to favour environmentally friendly cars by slightly reducing taxes on high mileage vehicles.
However, this has had little effect, and in Denmark experienced an increase in the import of fuel inefficient old cars,  as the cost for older cars—including taxes—keeps them within the budget of many Danes.
As of [update] , the average car age is 9. Copenhagen Airport is Scandinavia's busiest passenger airport, handling over 25 million passengers in Population by ancestry Q1 .
The population of Denmark, as defined by Statistics Denmark , was estimated in January [update] to be 5,, The total fertility rate is 1.
Denmark is a historically homogeneous nation. Today, immigration to Denmark consists particularly of asylum seekers and persons who arrive as family dependants.
Recently, substantial numbers of workers—several tens of thousands—from the new EU accession countries , especially Poland and the Baltic nations, have arrived to perform menial labour in construction, agriculture, consumer industries, and cleaning.
There are no official statistics on ethnic groups , but according to figures from Statistics Denmark, approximately Danish is the de facto national language of Denmark.
Danish is more distantly related to German, which is a West Germanic language. Greenlandic or "Kalaallisut" belongs to the Eskimo—Aleut languages ; it is closely related to the Inuit languages in Canada, such as Inuktitut , and entirely unrelated to Danish.
Christianity is the dominant religion in Denmark. In January , The Constitution states that a member of the Royal Family must be a member of the Church of Denmark, though the rest of the population is free to adhere to other faiths.
Roman Catholicism , the Reformed Church and Judaism ,  although conversion to these groups from the Church of Denmark remained illegal initially.
Until the s, the state formally recognised "religious societies" by royal decree. Today, religious groups do not need official government recognition, they can be granted the right to perform weddings and other ceremonies without this recognition.
All educational programmes in Denmark are regulated by the Ministry of Education and administered by local municipalities.
Folkeskole covers the entire period of compulsory education, encompassing primary and lower secondary education.
There are no final examinations, but pupils can choose to go to a test when finishing ninth grade 14—15 years old. The test is obligatory if further education is to be attended.
Pupils can alternatively attend an independent school friskole , or a private school privatskole , such as Christian schools or Waldorf schools.
Following graduation from compulsory education, there are several continuing educational opportunities; the Gymnasium STX attaches importance in teaching a mix of humanities and science, Higher Technical Examination Programme HTX focuses on scientific subjects and the Higher Commercial Examination Programme emphasises on subjects in economics.
For specific professions, there is vocational education , training young people for work in specific trades by a combination of teaching and apprenticeship.
Many programmes may be taught in the English language , the academic lingua franca , in bachelor's degrees , master's degrees , doctorates and student exchange programmes.
As of [update] , Denmark has a life expectancy of The National Institute of Public Health of the University of Southern Denmark has calculated 19 major risk factors among Danes that contribute to a lowering of the life expectancy; this includes smoking, alcohol, drug abuse and physical inactivity.
Denmark has a universal health care system , characterised by being publicly financed through taxes and, for most of the services, run directly by the regional authorities.
One of the sources of income is a national health care contribution sundhedsbidrag — This means that most health care provision is free at the point of delivery for all residents.
Additionally, roughly two in five have complementary private insurance to cover services not fully covered by the state, such as physiotherapy. Denmark is the only country to officially use the word 'ghetto' in the 21st century to denote certain residential areas.
The population proportion of 'ghetto residents' with non-Western background was Denmark shares strong cultural and historic ties with its Scandinavian neighbours Sweden and Norway.
It has historically been one of the most socially progressive cultures in the world. In , Denmark was the first country to legalise pornography ,  and in , Denmark replaced its " registered partnership " laws, which it had been the first country to introduce in ,   with gender-neutral marriage.
The astronomical discoveries of Tycho Brahe — , Ludwig A. Colding 's —88 neglected articulation of the principle of conservation of energy , and the contributions to atomic physics of Niels Bohr — indicate the range of Danish scientific achievement.
From the mids, Danish films have attracted international attention, especially those associated with Dogme 95 like those of Lars von Trier.
A major feature of Danish culture is Jul Danish Christmas. The holiday is celebrated throughout December, starting either at the beginning of Advent or on 1 December with a variety of traditions, culminating with the Christmas Eve meal.
Danish mass media date back to the s, when handwritten fly sheets reported on the news. In , Anders Bording , the father of Danish journalism, began a state paper.
In , the first liberal, factual newspaper appeared, and the Constitution established lasting freedom of the press in Denmark.
Newspapers flourished in the second half of the 19th century, usually tied to one or another political party or trade union.
Modernisation, bringing in new features and mechanical techniques, appeared after The total circulation was , daily in , more than doubling to 1.
During the war, the underground produced newspapers—small, surreptitiously printed sheets that encouraged sabotage and resistance. Danish cinema dates back to and since the s has maintained a steady stream of product due largely to funding by the state-supported Danish Film Institute.
There have been three big internationally important waves of Danish cinema: Danish films have been noted for their realism, religious and moral themes, sexual frankness and technical innovation.
The Danish filmmaker Carl Th. Dreyer — is considered one of the greatest directors of early cinema. In the modern era, notable filmmakers in Denmark include Lars von Trier , who co-created the Dogme movement, and multiple award-winners Susanne Bier and Nicolas Winding Refn.
Danish mass media and news programming are dominated by a few large corporations. In television , publicly owned stations DR and TV 2 have large shares of the viewers.
In radio, DR has a near monopoly, currently broadcasting on all four nationally available FM channels, competing only with local stations.
Copenhagen and its multiple outlying islands have a wide range of folk traditions. The Royal Danish Orchestra is among the world's oldest orchestras.
Danes have distinguished themselves as jazz musicians, and the Copenhagen Jazz Festival has acquired an international reputation.
Lars Ulrich , the drummer of the band Metallica , has become the first Danish musician to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Denmark has been a part of the Eurovision Song Contest since Denmark has won the contest three times, in , and Denmark's architecture became firmly established in the Middle Ages when first Romanesque , then Gothic churches and cathedrals sprang up throughout the country.
From the 16th century, Dutch and Flemish designers were brought to Denmark, initially to improve the country's fortifications, but increasingly to build magnificent royal castles and palaces in the Renaissance style.
During the 17th century, many impressive buildings were built in the Baroque style, both in the capital and the provinces. Neoclassicism from France was slowly adopted by native Danish architects who increasingly participated in defining architectural style.
A productive period of Historicism ultimately merged into the 19th-century National Romantic style.
The 20th century brought along new architectural styles; including expressionism , best exemplified by the designs of architect Peder Vilhelm Jensen-Klint , which relied heavily on Scandinavian brick Gothic traditions; and Nordic Classicism , which enjoyed brief popularity in the early decades of the century.
It was in the s that Danish architects such as Arne Jacobsen entered the world scene with their highly successful Functionalist architecture.
Danish design is a term often used to describe a style of functionalistic design and architecture that was developed in the midth century, originating in Denmark.
Danish design is typically applied to industrial design, furniture and household objects, which have won many international awards. The Royal Porcelain Factory is famous for the quality of its ceramics and export products worldwide.
The first known Danish literature is myths and folklore from the 10th and 11th century. Saxo Grammaticus , normally considered the first Danish writer, worked for bishop Absalon on a chronicle of Danish history Gesta Danorum.
Very little is known of other Danish literature from the Middle Ages. With the Age of Enlightenment came Ludvig Holberg whose comedy plays are still being performed.
In the late 19th century, literature was seen as a way to influence society. Romanticism influenced the renowned writer and poet Hans Christian Andersen , known for his stories and fairy tales , e.
Karen Blixen is famous for her novels and short stories. Danish philosophy has a long tradition as part of Western philosophy.
Among Kierkegaard's other followers include Jean-Paul Sartre who was impressed with Kierkegaard's views on the individual, and Rollo May , who helped create humanistic psychology.
Another Danish philosopher of note is Grundtvig , whose philosophy gave rise to a new form of non-aggressive nationalism in Denmark, and who is also influential for his theological and historical works.
While Danish art was influenced over the centuries by trends in Germany and the Netherlands, the 15th- and 16th-century church frescos , which can be seen in many of the country's older churches, are of particular interest as they were painted in a style typical of native Danish painters.
The Danish Golden Age , which began in the first half of the 19th century, was inspired by a new feeling of nationalism and romanticism, typified in the later previous century by history painter Nicolai Abildgaard.
In , Holger Drachmann and Karl Madsen visited Skagen in the far north of Jutland where they quickly built up one of Scandinavia's most successful artists' colonies specialising in Naturalism and Realism rather than in the traditional approach favoured by the Academy.
Hosted by Michael and his wife Anna , they were soon joined by P. All participated in painting the natural surroundings and local people.
Painting has continued to be a prominent form of artistic expression in Danish culture, inspired by and also influencing major international trends in this area.
These include impressionism and the modernist styles of expressionism , abstract painting and surrealism.
While international co-operation and activity has almost always been essential to the Danish artistic community, influential art collectives with a firm Danish base includes De Tretten — , Linien s and s , COBRA —51 , Fluxus s and s , De Unge Vilde s and more recently Superflex founded in Most Danish painters of modern times have also been very active with other forms of artistic expressions, such as sculpting, ceramics, art installations, activism, film and experimental architecture.
Danish photography has developed from strong participation and interest in the very beginnings of the art of photography in to the success of a considerable number of Danes in the world of photography today.
Pioneers such as Mads Alstrup and Georg Emil Hansen paved the way for a rapidly growing profession during the last half of the 19th century. Today Danish photographers such as Astrid Kruse Jensen and Jacob Aue Sobol are active both at home and abroad, participating in key exhibitions around the world.
The traditional cuisine of Denmark, like that of the other Nordic countries and of Northern Germany , consists mainly of meat, fish and potatoes.
Danish dishes are highly seasonal, stemming from the country's agricultural past, its geography, and its climate of long, cold winters.
Denmark is known for its Carlsberg and Tuborg beers and for its akvavit and bitters. Since around , chefs and restaurants across Denmark have introduced gourmet cooking, largely influenced by French cuisine.
Also inspired by continental practices, Danish chefs have recently developed a new innovative cuisine and a series of gourmet dishes based on high-quality local produce known as New Danish cuisine.
This includes Geranium and Noma in Copenhagen. Sports are popular in Denmark, and its citizens participate in and watch a wide variety.
The national sport is football , with over , players in more than clubs. There is much focus on handball , too. The women's national team celebrated great successes during the s.
On the men's side , Denmark has won eight medals—two gold in and , three silver in , and and three bronze in , and —the most that have been won by any team in European Handball Championship history.
In recent years, Denmark has made a mark as a strong cycling nation, with Michael Rasmussen reaching King of the Mountains status in the Tour de France in and Other popular sports include golf—which is mostly popular among those in the older demographic;  tennis —in which Denmark is successful on a professional level; basketball —Denmark joined the international governing body FIBA in ;  rugby—the Danish Rugby Union dates back to ;  hockey — often competing in the top division in the Men's World Championships; rowing—Denmark specialise in lightweight rowing and are particularly known for their lightweight coxless four, having won six gold and two silver World Championship medals and three gold and two bronze Olympic medals; and several indoor sports—especially badminton , table tennis and gymnastics, in each of which Denmark holds World Championships and Olympic medals.
Denmark's numerous beaches and resorts are popular locations for fishing, canoeing, kayaking, and many other water-themed sports.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 9 November For other uses, see Denmark disambiguation.
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